A combat medic will typically carry a backpack styled bag known as a "Unit One Pack". Aid bags are available from many different manufacturers, in many different styles. Depending on the unit and their standard operating procedures, the medic may have to follow a strict packing list, or may have the liberty of choosing their kit depending on the mission at hand. A typical aid bag will include:
- IV fluids and tubing. The amount will depend on the length of mission. Normal Saline/Sodium Chloride, Hetastarch/Hextend, and Lactated Ringers(LR) are usually carried.
- 18, 16, and 14 gauge IV catheters.
- FAST 1 intra-osseous fluid administration kit. The FAST 1 is a quick way to administer fluids when peripheral and external jugular venous access is unavailable due to massive blood loss, burns, or loss of limbs.
Hemorrhage (blood loss) Control
- CAT, SOFT-T or improvised tourniquets. Tourniquets are used for the care under fire phase of tactical combat casualty care, to stop massive life threatening hemorrhage.
- Emergency Trauma Bandages, a newer version of the first aid pressure dressing.
- Kerlix gauze, for stopping hemorrhage, or creating a bulky dressing.
- Hemostatic agents, such as Celox, Hemcon bandages, and others. Some hemostatic agents are controversial due to their thermodynamic nature, which causes collateral damage if the user is not properly trained.
- 14 gauge catheter, at least 3.25 inches long, for needle chest decompression.
- Asherman chest seal, Bolin chest seal or Hyfin chest seal, as an occlusive dressing for sucking chest wounds.
- Nasopharyngeal Airway (NPA)w/surgilube or "nasal trumpet." This flexible tube secures a nasal airway when the casualty does not have, or may lose their ability to keep their own airway open. Contraindicated by signs of skull fracture.
- Oropharyngeal Airway, a hard "J" shaped plastic device that secures an oral airway, and can also be used to keep the teeth open for a more permanent airway device.
- King LTD, a simple tube airway with an inflatable cuff to create a sealed airway.
- Combitube, like a King LTD, but designed to be able to function almost no matter how the tube is placed due to the dual lumen tube design.
- Surgical Cricothyrotomy kit. Many different styles and kits exist, the choice is up to the individual medic's supply or preference. The most simple is a scalpel to open an airway, and to use an NPA to keep the airway patent.
- Nitrile gloves
- Alcohol or Providine/Iodine swabs
- Cravats (muslin bandages)
- Assorted gauze bandages
- Assorted sizes of tape
- Coban, a stretchy, self clinging wrap
- Ace Bandages
- Assorted hypodermic needles and syringes
- Combat Casualty Card
- SAM Splint -- a flexible, reusable splint with a metal core covered in closed cell foam.
- Water Jel burn dressing
- Small sharps shuttle
- Trauma Shears
- Safety pins